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The
Fatherhood

Coalition

New Massachusetts Child Support Guideline

Updated effective Feb. 15, 2002, by Judge Dortch-Okara



COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS

ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE OF THE TRIAL COURT

BOSTON 02108

CHILD SUPPORT GUIDELINES

The attached CHILD SUPPORT GUIDELINES supersede any previous Guidelines and are effective February 15, 2002.


Barbara A. Dortch-Okara

Chief Justice for Administration and Management

COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS

ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE OF THE TRIAL COURT CHILD SUPPORT GUIDELINES

N.B. THESE GUIDELINES APPLY TO CURRENT CHILD SUPPORT ONLY. THEY DO NOT APPLY TO ALIMONY, THE DIVISION OF MARITAL PROPERTY, THE PAYMENT OF ARREARS, RESTITUTION, OR REIMBURSEMENT, NOR DO THEY APPLY WHERE THE PARTIES HAVE MADE AN AGREEMENT WHICH IS APPROVED BY THE COURT AND IS FOUND BY THE COURT TO BE FAIR AND REASONABLE, AND MAKES ADEQUATE PROVISION FOR THE SUPPORT OF THE CHILD.

THERE SHALL BE A PRESUMPTION THAT THESE GUIDELINES APPLY, ABSENT AGREEMENT OF THE PARTIES, IN ALL CASES SEEKING THE ESTABLISHMENT OR MODIFICATION OF A CHILD SUPPORT ORDER. A SPECIFIC, WRITTEN FINDING THAT THE GUIDELINES WOULD BE UNJUST OR INAPPROPRIATE AND THAT THE BEST INTERESTS OF THE CHILD HAVE BEEN CONSIDERED IN A PARTICULAR CASE SHALL BE SUFFICIENT TO REBUT THE PRESUMPTION IN THAT CASE.

THESE REVISED GUIDELINES, IN AND OF THEMSELVES, DO NOT CONSTITUTE A SUFFICIENT CHANGE OF CIRCUMSTANCES TO WARRANT A MODIFICATION OF THE CHILD SUPPORT ORDER.

The child support guidelines are formulated to be used by the justices of the Trial Court, whether the parents of the children are married or unmarried, in setting temporary, permanent or final orders for current child support, in deciding whether to approve agreements for child support, and in deciding cases that are before the court to modify existing orders. A modification may be allowed upon showing a discrepancy of 20% or more between an established order and a proposed new order calculated under these guidelines. The presumption establishing a proposed new order may be rebutted in cases where the amount of support required under the guidelines is due to the fact that the amount of the current support order resulted from a rebuttal of the guideline amount or by an allowance of an agreement of the parties and there has not been a change in the circumstances which resulted in a rebuttal of the guideline amount. The guidelines are intended to be of assistance to members of the bar and to litigants in determining what level of payment would be expected of them given the relative income levels of the parties. In all orders where an order for child support is requested, a guideline worksheet must be filled out, regardless of the income of the parties.

In establishing these guidelines, due consideration has been given to the following principles:

  1. To minimize the economic impact on the child of family breakup;
  2. To encourage joint parental responsibility for child support in proportion to, or as a percentage of income;
  3. To provide the standard of living the child would have enjoyed had the family been intact;
  4. To meet the child’s survival needs in the first instance, but to the extent either parent enjoys a higher standard of living to entitle the child to enjoy that higher standard;
  5. To protect a subsistence level of income of parents at the low end of the income range whether or not they are on public assistance;
  6. To take into account the non-monetary contributions of both the custodial and non-custodial parents;
  7. To minimize problems of proof for the parties and of administration for the courts;
  8. To allow for orders and wage assignments that can be adjusted as income increases or decreases.

I. INCOME DEFINITION

A. For purposes of these guidelines income is defined as gross income from whatever source. Those sources include, but are not limited to, the following:

    1. salaries and wages (including overtime and tips) and income from self-employment (except in certain instances, see B below)
    2. commissions
    3. severance pay
    4. royalties
    5. bonuses
    6. interest and dividends
    7. income derived from business/partnerships
    8. social security
    9. veterans’ benefits
    10. insurance benefits (including those received for disability and personal injury)
    11. workers’ compensation
    12. unemployment compensation
    13. pensions
    14. annuities
    15. income from trusts
    16. capital gains in real and personal property transactions to the extent that they represent a regular source of income
    17. spousal support received from a person not a party to the order
    18. contractual agreements
    19. perquisites or in kind compensation to the extent that they represent a regular source of income
    20. unearned income of children (in the court’s discretion)
    21. income from life insurance or endowment contracts
    22. income from interest in an estate (direct or through a trust)
    23. lottery or gambling winnings received either in a lump sum or in the form of an annuity
    24. prizes or awards
    25. net rental income
    26. funds received from earned income credit

 

B. In individual cases, the court may choose to disregard overtime income or income derived from a second job. However, consideration of such income may be appropriate in certain instances such as those where such income constituted a regular source of income when the family was intact.

II. FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED IN SETTING THE CHILD SUPPORT ORDER

  1. RELATIONSHIP TO ALIMONY OR SEPARATE MAINTENANCE PAYMENTS
  2. So long as the standard of living of the children is not diminished, these guidelines do not preclude the court from deciding that any order be denominated in whole or in part as alimony or as a separate maintenance payment. It is the responsibility of counsel representing the parties to present the tax consequences of proposed orders to the court.

  3. CLAIMS OF PERSONAL EXEMPTIONS FOR CHILD DEPENDENTS
  4. In setting a support order, the court may make an order regarding the claims of personal exemptions for child dependents between the parties to the extent permitted by law.

  5. MINIMUM AND MAXIMUM LEVELS
  6. The guidelines recognize the principle that, in many instances, to maintain a domicile and a reasonable standard of living for the minor children, the custodial parent will choose to work. In those cases, a disregard of gross income of the custodial parent is to be applied up to a maximum of $20,000. The formula in these guidelines is intended to be adjusted where the income of the custodial parent exceeds the $20,000 disregard after consideration of day care expenses.

    These guidelines are also intended to ensure a minimum subsistence level for those non-custodial parents whose income is less than $100 per week. However, it is the obligation of all parents to contribute to the support of their children. To that end, in all cases, a minimum order of $80.00 ($18.46 per week) per month should enter. This minimum should not be construed as limiting the court’s ability to set a higher order, should circumstances permit.

    Where the court makes a determination that either or both of the parties is either purposely unemployed or underemployed, the section of this guideline entitled ATTRIBUTION OF INCOME should be consulted.

    These guidelines are not meant to apply where the combined gross income of the parties exceeds $135,000 or where the gross income of the non-custodial parent exceeds $100,000. In cases where income exceeds these limits, the court should consider the award of support at the $100,000/$135,000 level as a minimum presumptive level of support to be awarded. Additional amounts of child support may be awarded at the judge’s discretion.

  7. CUSTODY AND VISITATION
    1. Custody

These guidelines are based upon traditional custody and visitation arrangements. Where the parties agree to shared physical custody or the court determines that shared physical custody is in the best interests of the children, these guidelines are not applicable. The guidelines are also not meant to apply for cases in which there is split physical custody, i.e., each parent has physical custody of one or more children.

    1. Visitation

These guidelines recognize that children must be allowed to enjoy the society and companionship of both parents to the greatest extent possible. The court may adjust the amount of child support beyond the 2 percent range (see Basic Order, Section III. A.) after taking into consideration the parties’ actual time sharing with the children and the relative resources, expenses, and living standards of the two households.

In some instances the non-custodial parent may incur extraordinary travel-related expenses in order to exercise court ordered visitation rights. To foster parental involvement with the children, the court may wish to consider such extraordinary expenses in determining the support order.

  1. CHILD CARE CREDIT
  2. The basic child support obligation set out in the guidelines includes the non-custodial parent’s share of child care expenses. Child care expenses are not seen as a separate support item and responsibility for them resides with the custodial parent.

    The reasonable cost of child care (costs as defined by 26 USC 21, Internal Revenue Service Code Section 21) actually paid is to be subtracted from the custodial parent’s gross income before the disregard formula is applied.

  3. AGE OF THE CHILDREN
  4. To reflect the costs of raising children, age has been broken down into three groups: 0-12, 13-18, and over 18. A single adjustment to the basic order should be made based on the age of the oldest child for whom support is to be ordered. The support order where the oldest child is 12 or under should be the basic support order according to the schedule. Where the oldest child is between the ages of 13 and 18, the order should be increased by 10 percent of the basic order amount. For cases involving children over the age of 18, to the extent permitted by the General Laws, the amount of the order, if any, will be left to the Court’s discretion.

    Where the parties file an agreement with the court that allows for private payment between the parties, it is suggested that the incremental age issue be addressed in the agreement.

  5. HEALTH INSURANCE, UNINSURED, AND EXTRAORDINARY MEDICAL EXPENSES

1) Health Insurance

When the court makes an order for child support, the court shall determine whether the obligor under the order has health insurance on a group plan available to him/her through an employer or organization or has health insurance or other health coverage available to him/her at reasonable cost that may be extended to cover the child for whom support is ordered. When the court makes a determination that the obligor has such coverage, the court shall include in the support order a requirement that the obligor exercise the option of additional coverage in favor of such child, unless the obligee has already provided such coverage for the child at a lesser cost (except for health insurance funded under public assistance programs), or has and prefers to continue such coverage irrespective of cost.

If family health coverage is to be provided by the obligor, the support order should be reduced by one half the cost of family coverage. It is the responsibility of the obligor under the support order who is seeking such a reduction in the order to produce proof satisfactory to the court of the existence of such family coverage under the plan, or no such reduction shall be allowed. However, there shall be no reduction if the obligor has a preexisting family health insurance policy which could be amended to name the additional dependents to the policy at no cost to the obligor. Should health insurance not be provided for any period for which it is ordered, the credit for the premium payment shall be revoked and the order shall be increased by the amount of the credit during the period of noncompliance.

If family health coverage is provided by the obligee, the support order should be increased by one half the cost of the coverage. It is the responsibility of the obligee who is seeking an increase in the order to produce proof satisfactory to the court of the existence of such family coverage under the plan, or no such increase shall be allowed. However, there shall be no increase if the obligee has a preexisting family health insurance policy which could be amended to name the additional dependents at no cost to the obligee. Should health insurance not be provided for any period for which it is ordered, the increase allowed for the premium payment shall be revoked and the order shall be decreased during the period when health insurance is not provided.

2) Routine Uninsured Medical and Dental Expenses

The custodial parent shall be responsible for the payment of the first $100 per child per year for routine medical and dental expenses. For amounts above that limit, the court shall allocate costs on a case by case basis. No reduction in the child support order should be allowed.

3) Uninsured Extraordinary Medical and Dental Expenses

The payment of uninsured extraordinary medical and dental expenses incurred by the minor children, absent agreement of the parties, shall be treated on a case by case basis. (Example: orthodontia, psychological/psychiatric counseling, etc.) In such cases, where the court makes a determination that such medical and dental services are necessary and are in the best interests of the child, consideration toward a reduction in the child support order should be given.

  1. ATTRIBUTION OF INCOME

If the court makes a determination that either or both parties is earning substantially less than he or she could through reasonable effort, the court may consider potential earning capacity rather than actual earnings. In making this determination, the court shall take into consideration the education, training, and past employment history of the party. These standards are intended to be applied where a finding has been made that the party is capable of working and is unemployed, working part-time or is working a job, trade, or profession other than that for which he/she has been trained.

This determination is not intended to apply to a custodial parent with children who are under the age of six living in the home.

  1. PRIOR ORDERS FOR SUPPORT

To the extent that prior orders for spousal and child support are actually being paid, the court should deduct those payments from the gross income before applying the formula to determine the child support order. This section applies only to orders for child support for children other than those who are the subject of the pending action.

  1. EXPENSES OF SUBSEQUENT FAMILIES

In instances where the non-custodial parent has remarried and has children by a subsequent marriage, the court should examine such circumstances closely to determine in the allocation of available resources whether consideration beyond Part II Section I (Prior Orders of Support) should be given when the custodial parent of children borne of the first marriage, or subsequent marriages appears before the court seeking a modification of the existing child support order. Expenses of a subsequent family may be used as a defense to a request to modify an order seeking an increase in the existing order, but such expenses should not be considered a reason to decrease existing prior orders. In actions pursuant to G.L. c.209C, this paragraph shall be construed to apply equally to children born out of wedlock.

III. CHILD SUPPORT OBLIGATION SCHEDULE

  1. BASIC ORDER
  2. The basic child support obligation, based upon the income of the non-custodial parent is as follows:

    GROSS WEEKLY INCOME NUMBER OF CHILDREN

    1 2 3

    $ 0-$100 Discretion of the court, but not less than $80 per month

    $101-$280 21% 24% 27%

    $281-$750 $59 + 23% $67 + 28% $76 + 31%

    (% refers to all dollars over $280)

    $751-max $167 + 25% $199 + 30% $222 + 33%

    (% refers to all dollars over $750)

    For children in excess of 3 covered by the order, the support shall be no less than that for 3 children; should a judge order support at the 3 child level, written findings shall describe the circumstances of the particular case which warrant the minimum order.

    Within the discretion of the court, and in consideration of the totality of the circumstances of the parties, the Basic Order may be either increased or decreased by 2%. An adjustment of 2% shall not be considered a deviation.

  3. AGE DIFFERENTIAL
  4. The above orders are to be increased to reflect the cost of raising older children. The following is intended to be applied to the age of the oldest child in the household for whom support is sought under the pending action.

    AGE OF OLDEST CHILD PERCENTAGE INCREASE

    0-12 Basic Order Applies

    13-18 Basic Order + 10% of Basic Order

    Over 18 Discretion of the court (and if statute permits)

  5. CUSTODIAL PARENT INCOME ADJUSTMENT

Where the custodial parent works and earns income in excess of $20,000 after consideration of child care expenses, the support order is to be reduced by the percentage that the excess represents in relation to the combined incomes of both parents minus the custodial parent’s disregard.

CHILD SUPPORT GUIDELINES WORKSHEET

Court Docket #:__________________________ Date Worksheet Completed: ________________

All provisions of the Guidelines should be reviewed prior to the completion of the worksheet. These Guidelines will apply (absent a prior agreement acceptable to both parties) in cases where combined gross income of both parties does not exceed $135,000 and where the gross income of the non-custodial parent does not exceed $100,000. Worksheets shall be completed for all cases.

1. BASIC ORDER

a. Non custodial gross weekly income (less prior support orders actually paid for child/family other than the family seeking this order)

b. Basic Child Support Order from chart

(pp. 8- 11) (A) __________

2. ADJUSTMENT FOR AGE OF CHILDREN

a. If age of oldest child is 13 - 18,

calculate 10% times (A) __________

b. Adjusted order (A) + (2 a) (B)____________

3. CUSTODIAL PARENT INCOME ADJUSTMENT

a. Custodial parent gross income (annual) __________

b. Less $20,000 - $20,000

c. Less annual child care cost - ________

d. Custodial adjusted gross __________

e. Non custodial gross (annual) __________

f. Total available gross (d ) +(e) __________

g. Line 3(d) _________ Line 3 (f)__________

h. 3 (d) divided by 3 (f) ________ %

i. Adjustment for custodial income

( Line 3 h %) X (B) (C) ____________

4. CALCULATION OF FINAL ORDER

a. Adjusted order, (B) above (B)___________

b. Less adjustment for (C) above (C) - _________

c. Less 50% weekly cost to obligor of family

group health insurance [Section G. 1] - ___________

Or

Plus 50% weekly cost of obligee’s family

group health insurance [Section G. 1] + ___________

5. WEEKLY SUPPORT ORDER (B) - (C) + 4 (c) $

 

SAMPLE WORKSHEET

Court Docket #: 02D0109 Date Worksheet Completed: May 3, 2002

Non custodial parent gross annual income $40,000 ($769/week)

Weekly support paid - child of prior marriage $40

Custodial parent gross annual income $28,000

2 Children covered by order, ages 6 and 8

Annualized day care cost $4,160

Non custodial weekly cost family group health insur. $24

1. BASIC ORDER

a. Non custodial gross weekly income (less prior

support orders actually paid for child/family

other than the family seeking this order) 729

b. Basic Child Support Order from chart

(pp.8 - 11) (A) 193

2. ADJUSTMENT FOR AGE OF CHILDREN

a. If age of oldest child is 13 - 18,

calculate 10% times (A) 0

b. Adjusted order (A) + (2 a) (B) 193

3. CUSTODIAL PARENT INCOME ADJUSTMENT

a. Custodial parent gross income (annual) 28,000

b. Less $20,000 - $20,000

c. Less annual child care cost - 4,160

d. Custodial adjusted gross 3,840

e. Non custodial gross (annual) 40,000

f. Total available gross (d ) +(e) 43,840

g. Line 3(d) 3840 Line 3 (f) 43840

h. 3 (d) divided by 3 (f) 09 %

i. Adjustment for custodial income

( Line 3 h %) X (B) (C) 17

4. CALCULATION OF FINAL ORDER

a. Adjusted order, (B) above (B) 193

b. Less adjustment for (C) above (C) - 17

c. Less 50% weekly cost to obligor of family

group health insurance [Section G. 1] - 12

Or

Plus 50% weekly cost of obligee’s family

group health insurance [Section G. 1] +

5. WEEKLY SUPPORT ORDER (B) - (C) + 4 (c) $ 164

 


BASIC CHILD SUPPORT ORDER

 

Non-Custodial Number of Children   Non-Custodial Number of Children
Gross Weekly         Gross Weekly      
Income 1 2 3   Income 1 2 3
0-100 Not less than 18.46          
101 21 24 27   325 69 80 90
105 22 25 28   330 71 81 92
110 23 26 30   335 72 82 93
115 24 28 31   340 73 84 95
120 25 29 32   345 74 85 96
125 26 30 34   350 75 87 98
130 27 31 35   355 76 88 99
135 28 32 36   360 77 89 101
140 29 34 38   365 79 91 102
145 30 35 39   370 80 92 104
150 32 36 41   375 81 94 105
155 33 37 42   380 82 95 107
160 34 38 43   385 83 96 109
165 35 40 45   390 84 98 110
170 36 41 46   395 85 99 112
175 37 42 47   400 87 101 113
180 38 43 49   405 88 102 115
185 39 44 50   410 89 103 116
190 40 46 51   415 90 105 118
195 41 47 53   420 91 106 119
200 42 48 54   425 92 108 121
205 43 49 55   430 94 109 123
210 44 50 57   435 95 110 124
215 45 52 58   440 96 112 126
220 46 53 59   445 97 113 127
225 47 54 61   450 98 115 129
230 48 55 62   455 99 116 130
235 49 56 63   460 100 117 132
240 50 58 65   465 102 119 133
245 51 59 66   470 103 120 135
250 53 60 68   475 104 122 136
255 54 61 69   480 105 123 138
260 55 62 70   485 106 124 140
265 56 64 72   490 107 126 141
270 57 65 73   495 108 127 143
275 58 66 74   500 110 129 144
280 59 67 76   505 111 130 146
281 59 67 76   510 112 131 147
285 60 68 78   515 113 133 149
290 61 70 79   520 114 134 150
295 62 71 81   525 115 136 152
300 64 73 82   530 117 137 154
305 65 74 84   535 118 138 155
310 66 75 85   540 119 140 157
315 67 77 87   545 120 141 158
320 68 78 88   550 121 143 160
555 122 144 161   785 176 210 234
560 123 145 163   790 177 211 235
565 125 147 164   795 178 213 237
570 126 148 166   800 180 214 239
575 127 150 167   805 181 216 240
580 128 151 169   810 182 217 242
585 129 152 171   815 183 219 243
590 130 154 172   820 185 220 245
595 131 155 174   825 186 222 247
600 133 157 175   830 187 223 248
605 134 158 177   835 188 225 250
610 135 159 178   840 190 226 252
615 136 161 180   845 191 228 253
620 137 162 181   850 192 229 255
625 138 164 183   855 193 231 257
630 140 165 185   860 195 232 258
635 141 166 186   865 196 234 260
640 142 168 188   870 197 235 262
645 143 169 189   875 198 237 263
650 144 171 191   880 200 238 265
655 145 172 192   885 201 240 267
660 146 173 194   890 202 241 268
665 148 175 195   895 203 243 270
670 149 176 197   900 205 244 272
675 150 178 198   905 206 246 273
680 151 179 200   910 207 247 275
685 152 180 202   915 208 249 276
690 153 182 203   920 210 250 278
695 154 183 205   925 211 252 280
700 156 185 206   930 212 253 281
705 157 186 208   935 213 255 283
710 158 187 209   940 215 256 285
715 159 189 211   945 216 258 286
720 160 190 212   950 217 259 288
725 161 192 214   955 218 261 290
730 163 193 216   960 220 262 291
735 164 194 217   965 221 264 293
740 165 196 219   970 222 265 295
745 166 197 220   975 223 267 296
750 167 199 222   980 225 268 298
751 167 199 222   985 226 270 300
755 168 201 224   990 227 271 301
760 170 202 225   995 228 273 303
765 171 204 227   1000 230 274 305
770 172 205 229   1005 231 276 306
775 173 207 230   1010 232 277 308
780 175 208 232   1015 233 279 309
1020 235 280 311   1255 293 351 389
1025 236 282 313   1260 295 352 390
1030 237 283 314   1265 296 354 392
1035 238 285 316   1270 297 355 394
1040 240 286 318   1275 298 357 395
1045 241 288 319   1280 300 358 397
1050 242 289 321   1285 301 360 399
1055 243 291 323   1290 302 361 400
1060 245 292 324   1295 303 363 402
1065 246 294 326   1300 305 364 404
1070 247 295 328   1305 306 366 405
1075 248 297 329   1310 307 367 407
1080 250 298 331   1315 308 369 408
1085 251 300 333   1320 310 370 410
1090 252 301 334   1325 311 372 412
1095 253 303 336   1330 312 373 413
1100 255 304 338   1335 313 375 415
1105 256 306 339   1340 315 376 417
1110 257 307 341   1345 316 378 418
1115 258 309 342   1350 317 379 420
1120 260 310 344   1355 318 381 422
1125 261 312 346   1360 320 382 423
1130 262 313 347   1365 321 384 425
1135 263 315 349   1370 322 385 427
1140 265 316 351   1375 323 387 428
1145 266 318 352   1380 325 388 430
1150 267 319 354   1385 326 390 432
1155 268 321 356   1390 327 391 433
1160 270 322 357   1395 328 393 435
1165 271 324 359   1400 330 394 437
1170 272 325 361   1405 331 396 438
1175 273 327 362   1410 332 397 440
1180 275 328 364   1415 333 399 441
1185 276 330 366   1420 335 400 443
1190 277 331 367   1425 336 402 445
1195 278 333 369   1430 337 403 446
1200 280 334 371   1435 338 405 448
1205 281 336 372   1440 340 406 450
1210 282 337 374   1445 341 408 451
1215 283 339 375   1450 342 409 453
1220 285 340 377   1455 343 411 455
1225 286 342 379   1460 345 412 456
1230 287 343 380   1465 346 414 458
1235 288 345 382   1470 347 415 460
1240 290 346 384   1475 348 417 461
1245 291 348 385   1480 350 418 463
1250 292 349 387   1485 351 420 465
1490 352 421 466   1710 407 487 539
1495 353 423 468   1715 408 489 540
1500 355 424 470   1720 410 490 542
1505 356 426 471   1725 411 492 544
1510 357 427 473   1730 412 493 545
1515 358 429 474   1735 413 495 547
1520 360 430 476   1740 415 496 549
1525 361 432 478   1745 416 498 550
1530 362 433 479   1750 417 499 552
1535 363 435 481   1755 418 501 554
1540 365 436 483   1760 420 502 555
1545 366 438 484   1765 421 504 557
1550 367 439 486   1770 422 505 559
1555 368 441 488   1775 423 507 560
1560 370 442 489   1780 425 508 562
1565 371 444 491   1785 426 510 564
1570 372 445 493   1790 427 511 565
1575 373 447 494   1795 428 513 567
1580 375 448 496   1800 430 514 569
1585 376 450 498   1805 431 516 570
1590 377 451 499   1810 432 517 572
1595 378 453 501   1815 433 519 573
1600 380 454 503   1820 435 520 575
1605 381 456 504   1825 436 522 577
1610 382 457 506   1830 437 523 578
1615 383 459 507   1835 438 525 580
1620 385 460 509   1840 440 526 582
1625 386 462 511   1845 441 528 583
1630 387 463 512   1850 442 529 585
1635 388 465 514   1855 443 531 587
1640 390 466 516   1860 445 532 588
1645 391 468 517   1865 446 534 590
1650 392 469 519   1870 447 535 592
1655 393 471 521   1875 448 537 593
1660 395 472 522   1880 450 538 595
1665 396 474 524   1885 451 540 597
1670 397 475 526   1890 452 541 598
1675 398 477 527   1895 453 543 600
1680 400 478 529   1900 455 544 602
1685 401 480 531   1905 456 546 603
1690 402 481 532   1910 457 547 605
1695 403 483 534   1915 458 549 606
1700 405 484 536   1920 460 550 608
1705 406 486 537   1923 460 551 609

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